Name of breed: Kazakh Horse
Country of origin: Kazakhstan
Breed origin: The Kazakh is a breed of horse of the Kazakh people who primarily live in Kazakhstan, but can also be found in parts of China, Mongolia, Russia and Uzbekistan. Horses in Kazakhstan and the surrounding areas can be traced back to the 5th century BC. Early influences on what is today known as the Kazakh horse include the Akhal-Teke, Arabian, Karabair, and Mongol Pony. Since the 20th century, the breed has had additional infusions of blood from the Russian Don, Orlov Trotter and also the Thoroughbred.
Today the Kazakh is still bred by once-nomadic Kazakh tribesmen, although cross-breeding has somewhat diluted the once traditional bloodlines.
Distinguishing features: Averaging around 14 hands high, the Kazakh horse resembles a more elegant version of the Mongol pony. They are known for their hardiness and stamina and are able to cover long distances with ease, although they have been criticised for their short stride resulting in a jolting trot.
The breed consists of two subtypes: the Adaev and the Dzhab (or Jabe). The latter developed in the southern districts of Aktubinsk and have a heavy head, thick neck and deep chest. They are usually bay, chestnut or even gray. The Adaevs are more refined with lighter heads, longer necks and well-defined withers. Due to the primitive conditions in which they live, this type of Kazakh horse is more susceptible to developing narrow chests with a lighter bone structure.
Modern day Kazakh: These horses are today mostly seen in western Kazakhstan, where there is known to be over 300,000. They are mainly used for riding, although they are also bred for horse meat.
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