Name of breed: Hanoverian
Country of origin: Germany
Breed origin: The King of England, George II established the dashing Hanoverian breed in 1735 in Celle, Lower Saxony. The aim of creating such a breed was to provide stud horses for local farmers and their mares to breed with for more stock. What is interesting about this breed is that all of the Hanoverians can be traced back to 14 black Holsteiners who were powerful carriage horses based on breeds from the east. Thoroughbred blood was later introduced to make the Hanoverian breed lighter and more free moving so that it could be used as a carriage horse, a cavalry mount AND on a farm.
In 1924, Celle had 500 stallions and had expanded into a second stud at Osnabruck Eversburg. After World War II, Trakehners were introduced into the breeding stock which had a large effect on the breed, making them even lighter but also light-footed. From 1945 onwards there was a demand for high-quality sports horses, which led to the Trakehners and Thoroughbred lines being added to lighten the Hanoverian frame even more.
Distinguishing features: The Hanoverian is a powerful horse with a well-built frame, muscular hindquarters and large sloping shoulders with a deep girth in between. Their powerful symmetrical legs with large, pronounced joints makes it a breeze for the breed to jump over large logs or anything else in their path!
The breed has a willing and trainable nature and is, in general, an elegant and robust horse. Standing at 15.3 to 16.2hh and with any solid colouring, the Hanoverian breed is a star in the arena!
Modern-day Hanoverian: The Hanoverian is a popular sporting horse and can usually be found in the competition world across all disciplines including dressage, showjumping and eventing. The breed is also used as a show hunter but also makes a good pleasure riding horse.
Reference: Wikipedia and the Horse Encyclopedia Book
Image credit: Wikipedia, HW Farm and Black Shire Equestrian Farm, Hill Top Farm